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The female reproductive organs and other related structures: cervix, vagina, vulva, clitoris, labia, pelvic cavity, peritoneum, peritoneal fluid, pouch of douglas, ligaments, pituitary gland
THE FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS AND OTHER RELATED STRUCTURES: CERVIX, VAGINA, VULVA, CLITORIS, LABIA, PELVIC CAVITY, PERITONEUM, PERITONEAL FLUID, POUCH OF DOUGLAS, LIGAMENTS, PITUITARY GLAND
The female reproductive organs consist of the uterus, fallopian, tubes, ovaries, cervix, vagina, vulva, clitoris and labia.
The cervix is the lowest part of the uterus and is about the size and shape of a small plum. It contains a small canal which connects the uterus and die vagina.
Vagina-The vagina is a thin elastic tube approximately 7.5 centimetres in length which extends from the vulva to the cervix.
Vulva-The vulva is made up of the clitoris, the external opening of the vagina and the labia.
Clitoris-The clitoris is a small organ of erectile tissue which is found at the upper end of the vulva.
Labia-The labia are the two folds of tissue which surround the entrance to the vagina.
Other related structures:
Pelvic cavity-The pelvic cavity is the space within the pelvic bone which contains the reproductive organs, the bladder and the lower part of the bowel.
Peritoneum-The peritoneum is a thin layer of clingfilm-like tissue that covers the organs within the pelvic cavity and the inside of the pelvis.
Peritoneal fluid-The peritoneal fluid is the lubricating fluid which is secreted by the peritoneum to keep the surface of the internal organs moist.
Pouch of Douglas-The Pouch of Douglas is the pocket-like space, lined by peritoneum, which lies between the back of the uterus and the front of the lower bowel.
Ligaments-Ligaments are bands or cords of strong tissue which hold parts of the body in place.
The uterus is held in place by four pairs of ligaments: the utero-sacral ligaments, the round ligaments, the broad ligaments and the transverse cervical ligaments. The pair most commonly affected by endometriosis are the utero-sacral ligaments which extend from the lower part of the uterus and pass either side of the lower bowel, ending at the tail bone.
The recto-vaginal septum is a ligament which lies below the Pouch of Douglas and extends between the vagina and the rectum.
Pituitary gland-The pituitary gland is a small gland about the size of a pea which lies just below the brain. It releases a variety of hormones which are important for the control of many of the body's functions, including the menstrual cycle.
|Keywords for this page: The female reproductive organs and other related structures: cervix, vagina, vulva, clitoris, labia, pelvic cavity, peritoneum, peritoneal fluid, pouch of douglas, ligaments, pituitary gland